Self-care by age or health

Self-care by age or health

1.Oral care
Oral care is split into general oral care and special oral care.
Some elderly people thanks to treatment factors or cancer cells may have some symptoms like halitosis, stomatitis, dry mouth…etc. If the patients have the above symptoms, we’d like to use special oral care to require care of their oral.
1-1general oral care

Brushing teeth is that the best thanks to do oral care. we should always brush our teeth after we eat.

Before brushing your teeth, use a flashlight to see if there have tongue coating, wounds….etc in your mouth.

After brushing the teeth, let the patient use mouthwash to wash the bacterial residues that haven’t been cleaned by brushing teeth.
If the patient uses dentures, the dentures should use and a soft-bristled toothbrush and cold water to wash it. (When the dentures aren’t using, should got to soak in cold water.)

1-2special oral care

1. Tongue coating:
If you discover the symptoms of tongue coating, the primary step is to melt the tongue coating.

Here are 2 methods for you: Soften the tongue coating.
1. Put the fresh pineapple slices within the refrigerator for 10 minutes.
put the pineapple slices within the mouth, pineapple contains Proteolytic enzymes which will help soften tongue coating.
2. Put the foaming vitamin C on the tongue to slowly melt the vitamin C, which will help soften the tongue coating.

The second step is: to get rid of tongue coating
You can use gauze or cotton swab to get rid of the softened tongue coating care
Skin is that the largest organ of the physical body . it’s elasticity and softness, and it can protect the subcutaneous tissue from external damage.
 Continuous pressure will cause the blood unable to moisturize the skin, which can cause subcutaneous tissue to be necrosis.
The patients who are in bed for an extended time will gradually lose their elasticity of the skin, it’s may cause skin ulcers, so proper skincare is extremely important in patients’ lifestyle .

How to prevent the skin ulcers
Do not keep the patient within the same position for quite two hours.
Let the patient use the supplies which will reduce the body pressure, like air cushion bed, more elastic cushion…. etc.
Let the patient maintain a diet , intake more nutrients to stay the body’s resistance.

Keep the skin dry and clean, and increase the frequency of adjusting diapers.

3.Hair care
Because of their weak health some elderly people or patients are unable to scrub their hair within the bathroom.
For the caregiver, the way to help patients who lying on the bed to try to to hair care is one among the foremost important care skills.
How to do hair look after elder or patients
Adjust the pillow let the patient’s head can by the surface of the bed, and put a towel on the pillow.

Place the bucket under the patient’s head, and canopy the patient’s eyes with an eye fixed mask or gauze to stop water flowing into the eyes.
Fill the kettle with water of appropriate water temperature and begin washing with shampoo (you got to ask if the water temperature is suitable to the patient)

Assisting patients or the elderly to require a shower is extremely difficult. Because Bathing requires nakedness and physical contact. For the elderly who are shy or alert (especially patients with dementia) or patients, May make them feel uncomfortable.

6 tips for you to try to to a correct bathing care
Prepare bathing items like towels, shower gel….etc at the primary .
Confirm that the temperature of the toilet is comfortable for the patient or the elderly.

When taking bathing care, you would like to ask the patient or the elderly if the water temperature is suitable .
If the patient or the elderly is unfamiliar or it’s vigilant to resist taking a shower , you’ll first divert their attention and check out to require a shower later.
Bathing should be gentle, because the patient or the patient’s skin could also be sensitive or fragile.
Sometimes you’ll use a ablution rather than bathing.

5.Wound care
Wounds without excellent care may cause skin festering or bacterial infections, so it’s important to know the right knowledge of wound care.
Here are 4 tips to require care of wounds.

1.To thoroughly clean the wound:
in order that they dare not use an excessive amount of force to wash the wound, but this may cause the bacteria and dried tissue fluid cannot be completely removed.
Failure to wash the wound thoroughly may cause wound deterioration, bacterial infection, and other symptoms.

Therefore, we must use a cotton swab to moisten the wound from inside to outside the wound so as to thoroughly clean the wound and rinse the wound with physiological saline.

2.Smearing salve:
Use a clean cotton swab to place a skinny layer of ointment on the wound. The wound medication may vary thanks to the severity of the wound and must be used under the doctor’s advice.


Do not expose the wound within the air, because the wound needs leukocyte to engulf the bacteria, also the cells got to be regenerated and repaired.
Also, the wound should be moist so those procedures can proceed normally.
Bandaging can’t only protect the wound but can also protect the wound from bacteria within the air

General sort of wounds got to be changed twice each day , because the recent and humid environment may breed bacteria, so it’s necessary to vary the drugs more diligently.(Special sort of wounds may require doctor’s help.)


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